Sögel Project – Publications

  • Cornelis, B.J.T., Wittke, A., Neumann, D. & Berger, D. (2023) Swords of the North: first results of the geochemical characterisation of Bronze Age blades of Sögel-Wohlde. Metalla Sonderheft, 12, https://doi.org/10.46586/metalla.v.2023.i12.

 

Archaeological literature

  • Bunnefeld, J.-H. & Schwenzer, S. (2011) Traditionen, Innovationen und Technologietransfer. Zur Herstellungstechnik und Funktion älterbronzezeitlicher Schwerter in Niedersachsen. Prähistorische Zeitschrift, 86, pp.207-253.
  • Butler, J. J. (1990) Bronze Age metal and amber in the Netherlands (I). Palaeohistoria, 32, pp.47-110.
  • Hachmann, R. (1957) Die frühe Bronzezeit im westlichen Ostseegebiet und ihre mittel- und südosteuropäischen Beziehungen. Beihefte zum Atlas der Urgeschichte, 6, Hamburg: Flemmings Verlag.
  • Junghans, S., Sangmeister, M. & Schröder, M. (1960-1974) Studien zu den Anfängen der Metallurgie. Band 1-3, Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag GmbH.
  • Kemenczei, T. (1988) Die Schwerter in Ungarn I. Prähistorische Bronzefunde, IV(6), München: C.H. Beck’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.
  • Laux, F. (2009) Die Schwerter in Niedersachsen. Prähistorische Bronzefunde, IV(17), München: C.H. Beck’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.
  • Schauer, P. (1971) Die Schwerter in Süddeutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz I (Griffplatten-, Griffangel- und Griffzungenschwerter). Prähistorische Bronzefunde, IV(2). Mainz: Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur.
  • Sprockhoff, E. (1927) Die ältesten Schwertformen Niedersachsens. Prähistorische Zeitschrift, 18(3-4), pp.123-141.
  • Vandkilde, H. (1996) From Stone to Bronze. The metalwork of the Late Neolithic and earliest Bronze Age in Denmark. Aarhus: Jutland Archaeological Science Publications.
  • Vogt, I. (2004) Der Übergang von frühen zur mittleren Bronzezeit in Mittel- und Nordeuropa unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Griffplattenklingen. Saarbrücker Beiträge zur Altertumskunde, 79, Bonn: Dr. Rudolph Habelt GmbH.

 

Archaeometric literature

  • Albarède, F., Blichert-Toft, J., Callataÿ, F. de, Davis, G., Debernardi, P., Gentelli, L., et al. (2021). From commodity to money: The rise of silver coinage around the Ancient Mediterranean (sixth–first centuries BCE). Archaeometry 63, 142–155.
  • Berger, D., Soles, J. S., Giumlia-Mair, A. R., Brügmann, G., Galili, E., Lockhoff, N., et al. (2019). Isotope systematics and chemical composition of tin ingots from Mochlos (Crete) and other Late Bronze Age sites in the eastern Mediterranean Sea: An ultimate key to tin provenance? PLOS ONE 14, e0218326. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0218326.
  • Berger, D., Brügmann, G., Bunnefeld, J.-H., Pernicka, E. (2021) Identifying mixtures of metals by multi-isotopi analysis: Disentangling the relationships of the Early Bronze Age swords of the Apa-Hajdúsámson type and associated objects. Archaeometry, 64(1), pp.44-74. https://doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12714
  • Berger, D., Wang, Q., Brügmann, G., Lockhoff, N., Roberts, B. W., and Pernicka, E. (2022). The Salcombe metal cargoes: New light on the provenance and circulation of tin and copper in Later Bronze Age Europe provided by trace elements and isotopes. Journal of Archaeological Science 138, 105543. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2022.105543.
  • Berger, D., Matta, V., Nørgaard, H. W., Salis, G., and Vandkilde, H. (2023). “Origin and mixing of metals for Nuragic bronzetti studied with isotopes and trace elements,” in Contacts and exchanges between Sardinia, continental Italy and the north-western Europe in the Bronze Age (18th–11th c. BC): The “copper route”, the “amber route”, the “tin route”. Proceedings of the Fifth Festival of the Nuragic civilization (Orroli, Cagliari), eds. M. Perra and F. Lo Schiavo (Cagliari: Arkadia Editore), 241–259.
  • Faure, G., and Mensing, T. M. (2005). Isotopes: Principles and applications. 3. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Ling, J., Hjärtner-Holdar, E., Grandin, L., Stos-Gale, Z., Kristiansen, K., Melheim, A. L., Artioli, G., Angelini, I., Krause, R. & Canovaro, C. (2019) Moving metals IV: Swords, metal sources and trade networks in Bronze Age Europe. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 26, pp. 1-34.
  • Melheim, L., Grandin, L., Persson, P.-O., Billström, K. Stos-Gale, Z., Ling, J., Williams, A., Angelini, I., Canovaro, C., Hjärtner-Holder, E. & Kristiansen, K. (2018) Moving metals III: Possible origins for copper in Bronze Age Denmark based on lead isotopes geochemistry. Journal of Archaelogical Science, 96, pp.85-105.
  • Nørgaard, H. W., Pernicka, E. & Vandkilde, H. (2019) On the trail of Scandinavia’s early metallurgy: Provenance, transfer and mixing. PLoS ONE, 14(7): e0219574. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0219574
  • Nørgaard, H. W., Pernicka, E. & Vandkilde, H.(2021) Shifting networks and mixing metals: Changing metal trade routes to Scandinavia correlate with Neolithic and Bronze Age transformations. PLoS ONE, 16(6), e0252376. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0252376
  • Pernicka, E., Lutz, J. & Stöllner, T. (2016) Bronze Age Copper Produced at Mitterberg, Austria, and its Distribution. Archaeologia Austriaca, 100, pp.19-55.